Explore the best preserved marble ruins of the ancient capital of Roman Asia, with its 25,000 seat great theatre. Ephesus is the second largest ancient city of the world. A city where over 200,000 people lived over 3000 years ago.
Ephesus, once the most important commercial centre of western Anatolia, was established as a port on the mouth of the river Cayster. Being located on a strategic trade route in Anatolia, Ephesus quickly became one of the most important cities in the world.
The city itself and the ruins are all on the side of a fertile valley. The extensive ruins including the theatre, library and gymnasium. Ephesus has been a “centre” throughout the ages. Once a trade centre of the ancient world, a religious centre of the early Christianity and today, a unique tourism centre.Ephesus is one of the most well preserved ancient cities in the world and a highlight of any visit to Turkey.
On this day, you will visit The Temple of Artemis, which was once one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world. It has been built in the area of Ephesus, which has over the centuries turned into swamps. Today one can only see the ruins of the foundations of this incredible construction of the Hellenistic Age, entirely made of marble and full of sculptured columns capitals and shafts.Some of the most beautiful remaining parts of this temple are today exhibited in the London British Museum. The oldest remaining relics date back to the 6th century BC, when it was surrounded by 36 huge columns, later enlarged upon the orders of the Lydian King, Kreisos, during the 6th century BC. Most of the exhibits in the London British Museum belong to this period.
Then you will visit the world famous ancient Greco-Roman City of Ephesus. After visiting this impressive sight, you will have a lunch break. After lunch, you will visit The House of Virgin Mary, which is a popular place of pilgrimage for Catholics, where it is believed Virgin Mary spent the remainder of her life. Located on top of Bulbul Mountain, it offers visitors a panoramic view over the town.This is a holy place for both Christians and Muslims.